Collaboration in the fight against terrorism | Balwan Nagial
On October 28, 2022, India and the United States raised the issue of terrorist listing at the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Committee Special Meeting on “Combating the Use of New and Emerging Technologies in terrorist purposes”. This meeting was held at the Taj Hotel in Mumbai, one of the sites of the 26/11 terrorist attacks. The 15 representatives of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and the five new members attended this conference. Several survivors of this heinous crime also attended the meeting. During the presentation, senior officials from India’s Home Ministry played audio clips of Sajid Mir, one of those who planned and executed this terrorist attack. It is pertinent to mention that the inclusion of Sajid Mir in the list of global terrorists, an initiative of India and the United States, clashed vehemently with China, allegedly to save Pakistan from embarrassment. .
Addressing the meeting, S. Jaishankar, Honorable Minister for External Affairs of India, said that when it comes to proposing some of those terrorists who have planned and executed various terrorist attacks on Indian soil, it is concerning that politics comes in between in the forum like the UNSC. This indeed weakens our united cause against terrorism. Transparency in the functioning of the UNSC is essential and paramount and must not be rendered futile by political considerations driven by self-interest. US State Security also said we need to do more than cry. We have a moral responsibility and obligation to bring terrorists to justice, but unfortunately some countries are obstructing this judicial process. China cited technical reasons for not listing terrorists under UNSC Resolution 1267.
This world faces many dilemmas regarding global collaboration in the fight against terrorism. The face of international terrorism changed after the September 11 terrorist attack in the United States. The intensity of this terrorist attack, the selection of targets, the sophisticated planning and execution broke all established conventions. The number of people who have lost their lives and the amount of property destroyed indicate that international terrorism has become a brutal, perceptible and empirical danger to modern society. The main terrorist attacks perpetrated after 9/11 are: the Bali bombings (2002), the Madrid train bombing (2004), the Ba’qubah bombing in Iraq (2004), the London (2005), Mumbai terrorist attacks (2008), Bangkok bombing (2015), Brussels bombing (2016), London Bridge bombing (2019), Sri Lanka Easter bombing (2019), Christchurch Mosque (2019), etc.
Terrorism is as old as human history. However, to understand the consequences of the threat posed by modern international terrorism, one must go back to the situation in Afghanistan (1979-1989), which stands out as a long-term legacy of the two superpowers of the war era. cold. Internationally, its consequences continue to plague global society in the form of a struggle between the Western liberal democratic order and Islamic extremism. Internally, the effects of the war have weakened the country’s political institutions, economy and society and turned Afghanistan into a battleground for sectarian rivalries and a breeding ground for religious fundamentalism.
Along with the Iranian revolution and the Arab-Israeli conflict, events in Afghanistan have played an important role in the growth of Islamist terrorism. For many Muslims, the war in Afghanistan involves a shift from nationalism to Islamism. It was a decisive movement in the history of militant Muslim revivalists. Muslims from all over the world came to Afghanistan to fight the USSR. Activists from across the Muslim world met and interacted for long periods of time. The common struggle has led to strong bonds between them. These mujahideen were supported by both the United States and the United Kingdom via Pakistan. Pakistan in turn diverted these funds to carry out cross-border terrorism in India and other parts of the world and the rest is history.
With the withdrawal of the USSR from Afghanistan, the war ended on February 15, 1989. The mercenaries who had completed their task in Afghanistan were divided into three groups: some militants remained in Afghanistan, united by Osama Bin Laden, and formed a new group called Al-Qaeda. Some people returned to their countries and created various terrorist organizations. A third group includes people who were not accepted by their country and sought asylum in Western countries, which eventually became hotbeds for the spread of Muslim fundamentalists. The existence of this type of global terrorist network is a new phenomenon. They believe in the divine command ordering members of the network to spread their ideology of radical Islam through violent extremism around the world, and this is a dangerous trend. Such a threat requires a united international community in its efforts to combat the threat of terrorism.
There is a need to create a combined counter-terrorism strategy. Global teamwork is an essential element in the fight against international terrorism. In addition to intelligence sharing, the experience gained by different nations in the fight against terrorism should be shared with other countries that do not have the required experience in the fight against terrorism. This experience may include punitive policy, security policy, management of emergency services, coordination between different agencies, medical treatment, handling of suspicious persons, etc. This information could be shared through joint training activities, short courses and an exchange of officials dealing with terrorism. Another critical area of cooperation could be the sharing of technological know-how. Security forces and terrorist organizations compete to acquire and use the latest technologies.
While a strong military and adequate covert intelligence-gathering skills must remain at the forefront of our efforts to stop and defeat terrorists, focusing solely on these actions is insufficient to deal with a multidimensional and dynamic global threat. . Global cooperation on a wide range of methods using a wide range of tools deserves more attention and resources to advance joint efforts to address emerging threats such as radicalization and recruitment and to sustain the fight against terrorism on the international agenda. Further unified coordination and more effective capacity building are essential to preserve cross-border cooperation in tracking funding, disrupting planning, preventing future attacks, and investigating, capturing and prosecuting terrorists.
- Jaishankar made a five-point suggestion for the UNCTC to consider when developing the strategy to combat international terrorism:
- Constructive and sustained efforts to combat the financing of terrorism.
- It is necessary to ensure the efficiency and transparency of the functioning of the UNSC.
- International cooperation on punitive actions against terrorists and their sponsors, including the dismantling of terrorist assets.
- Synergy to break the link between terrorists and international organized criminals.
- Cooperation is needed to counter the technology used in fundraising through virtual modes.
Counterterrorism cooperation means that nations can help shoulder the burden of providing capacity-building and training assistance to those who are lagging behind. Multilateral engagement also offers prospects not only for fostering bilateral relations in the fight against terrorism. But it increases common knowledge of the threat and builds the trust needed to share information to prevent, detect and destroy the terrorist.
Conclusion: Terrorism threatens the security of citizens, international stability and prosperity. It is a persistent global threat that knows no borders, nationalities or religions and it is a challenge that the international community must meet together. Together, the global community will continue to fight this threat with determination and full solidarity. Today’s world needs greater international collaboration in the fight against terrorism. The geopolitical situation that divides the world community on the issue of terrorism is not acceptable. Terrorists are a global threat, and we need global efforts to counter this threat.
Unfortunately, we do not have adequate global cooperation to fight terrorism and create the conditions necessary to change the global arena. We need more international cooperation with more responsibility.
Colonel Balwan Nagial retired from the Indian Army in 2019 after serving for thirty years. Managed administration, security, project management throughout his service. He enjoys writing and contributing to newspapers and magazines in India. He loves Israeli culture.