Quad to deepen the fight against terrorism in Afghanistan
From detailed commitments on COVID-19 vaccines and climate to the launch of a new infrastructure partnership, the Quad Leaders Summit, which met in person for the first time, announced a wide range of deliverables.
The group, made up of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, US President Joe Biden and Australian Prime Ministers Scott Morrison and Yoshihide Suga of Japan, also declared new common positions in the region, such as diplomatic coordination in Afghanistan.
In their joint statement, Quad leaders said they would closely coordinate their “diplomatic, economic and human rights policies” towards Afghanistan and deepen their counterterrorism and humanitarian cooperation there in accordance with Council resolution 2593. United Nations Security (a resolution adopted on August 30 when India was chairing the Council). The resolution seeks a negotiated settlement in Afghanistan and calls for the country not to be used as a base for fueling terrorism.
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“We reaffirm that Afghan territory must not be used to threaten or attack any country or to harbor or train terrorists, or to plan or finance terrorist acts, and reiterate the importance of combating terrorism in Afghanistan,” said said the Quad release.
“We denounce the use of terrorist proxies and stress the importance of denying any logistical, financial or military support to terrorist groups that could be used to launch or plan terrorist attacks, including cross-border attacks,” he said. he declared, making a thinly veiled reference. in Pakistan.
The four leaders and their delegations met in the East Room of the White House. The meeting lasted a little over two hours. Both Mr. Morrison and Mr. Suga spoke to the press on Friday.
In terms of new positions, the Quad also declared its support for the European Union’s September 2021 Indo-Pacific strategy. The announcement earlier this month of a security partnership between the United States, Australia and the United Kingdom in the Indo-Pacific (“AUKUS”) had gone wrong with France, a key country of the EU. Reuters reported that Mr. Suga welcomed the announcement on AUKUS during the Quad meeting.
As one of the outcomes of the meeting, the Quad called on North Korea to engage in a substantive dialogue and “end the violence in Myanmar”. He declared his support for the speedy restoration of democracy in Myanmar and the release of all political detainees, including foreigners.
On the climate, the Quad countries intend to “update or communicate ambitious NDCs (Nationally Defined Contributions, that is to say climate action objectives)” before COP26, the United Nations climate conference in Glasgow in just over a month. He says countries will work with “the intention” to achieve “preferably” net zero emissions by 2050 “taking into account national circumstances.” India has not yet made any formal commitments for COP26 or committed to achieving “net zero” by 2050.
In terms of vaccines, Foreign Minister Harsh Vardhan Shringla said India will start supplying Johnson & Johnson / Janssen COVID-19 vaccines, with 8 million doses available by the end of October from the pharmaceutical company ( based in Telengana) Biological E Ltd.
The Quad also “welcomed” the resumption of vaccine exports by India, according to the joint statement. The group plans to produce at least 1 billion vaccines made in India by the end of 2022 in addition to committing to more than 1.2 billion vaccines globally (the United States accounts for about 1.1 billion).
The group will also prepare for future pandemics – and lead at least one table or preparedness exercise in 2022.
The Quad also launched a new infrastructure partnership – which would involve mapping the region’s infrastructure needs and providing technical assistance and assessment tools for projects. The statement said it would work with the Blue Dot Network – an infrastructure effort led by the United States, Australia and Japan in the region to counter China’s Belt and Road Initiative.
Other initiatives include cooperation on ‘transparent 5G networks and beyond 5G’, cyberspace and outer space.
A few days before the meeting and just after it, Indian and American government officials also went to great lengths to clarify that the Quad, whose “global” theme is to promote a “free and open Indo-Pacific” , was not a security partnership. .
“The occasion of the Quad summit is an opportunity to refocus and refocus the world on the Indo-Pacific and on our vision of what we hope to achieve. Together, we recommit ourselves to promoting a free, open and rules-based order, rooted in international law and fearless through coercion, to enhance security and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific and beyond ”, indicates the joint press release.
Without naming China – with which the four members of the Quad have had territorial or economic quarrels – the countries have declared that they defend the rule of law, the freedom of navigation and overflight, the peaceful settlement of disputes, the values democratic systems and the territorial integrity of states.