The issue of insecurity in Nigeria | The Guardian Nigeria News

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A man lit a bonfire on the Kaduna-Abuja highway in Gauruka, near Abuja, Nigeria on May 24, 2021 during a protest against the ongoing kidnappings and killings after gunmen kidnapped 16 residents and killed three others in Niger state. (Photo by Kola Sulaimon / AFP)

A problem is a private matter and occurs when the values ​​held by an individual are felt by him to be threatened, while the problems have to do with issues that transcend the local environments of the individual. So when the values ​​dear to the public are felt to be threatened, then there is a problem because it is a common matter.

If a single man is unemployed in a city of 100,000 people, that is his personal problem, and for a solution we investigate the person’s character, skills and immediate opportunities, but when in a nation of 50 million inhabitants, we have 15 Millions of unemployed, this is a problem and we may not hope to find its solution in the range of opportunities open to everyone, it means that the very structure of the opportunities s ‘is collapsed.

In the above scenario, both the correct statement of the problem and the range of possible solutions force us to consider the economic and political institutions of society and not just the personal situation and character of individuals.

At the beginning of the 20th century, sociologists generally associated social problems such as unemployment, crime, poverty with deviant individuals. As a result, when they sought to solve social problems, they focused on changing individual behavior, although this approach was still alive today, the sociologist had broadly come to a different understanding.

In the middle of the century, the sociologist turned away from the focus on individuals to take into account the social structures of national organizations and institutions such as businesses, governments and the media to understand the possible factors influencing social inequalities. .

Sociologists have come to define social problems as problems that affect a large number of people, have structural social causes, and require socio-structural solutions. This approach remains fundamental from a sociological perspective. It was a step forward from the individualistic approach. Because by finally demonstrating that social problems have structural causes, the sociologist has helped to divert the people from the unproductive scapegoats of individuals towards an awareness of the need for social change.

When a problem affects a large number of people, we have to look beyond the individuals and examine the social structures – the larger economic, political and social models of a society, we cannot solve the problems of a society. structurally defective in changing individuals one by one. time.

We live in a world where people are more and more interconnected and so are their problems, people in the United States lose their jobs when factories are moved to countries with lower wages. In Brazil, people lose their homeland when tropical forests are cut down to make furniture for the global market, these are indications of the need to look beyond what is considered a problem to determine its influencing factors. .

For more than a decade Nigeria has been plagued by insecurity, from Boko Haram and their ISWAP counterparts to bandits and unknown gunmen, in the midst of it all, statistics of unemployed youth and graduates in the country have reached an alarming level. rate, basic development infrastructure like electricity to enhance the nation’s industrialization to create employment opportunities were lacking, thus crippling other efforts to drive the economic resurgence of the 7th most populous nation of the world.

It is a fact that the issue of insecurity in the nation has invincible social sponsors like poverty and unemployment; these contribute to the frustration and anger that can lead to armed robbery, kidnapping or tent pitching with agitators calling for the dissolution of the nation under the guise of revolutionaries thus creating more panic in society .

The major nations of the world are undergoing a process of modernization, encompassing changes such as industrialization, urbanization and increasing social complexity in the perspective of modernization. Insecurity in Nigeria and IMO are inherent social problems in Nigeria and, as a social problem, can be seen as failures of modernization. For example, in today’s world, societies that fail to industrialize will be poor and conflict-ridden. On an optimistic note, this prospect suggests that these problems can be addressed through government intervention to lead the company on a path of modernization.

So many of today’s social problems are global in nature, we cannot hope to resolve them by focusing on individual nations, ISWAP which was recently credited with the murder of Boko Haram leader Shekau is one emanation of a globally recognized terrorist network.

On this premise, Senator Hope Uzodinma and other governors facing insecurity issues also fall victim to the same situation with the people they govern, as the challenge cannot be successfully resolved by an individual, but with modernist social approaches strong enough to trigger a paradigm shift among the population, which can nourish them with hopes and dreams far better than for them the use of violence.

The Nigerian government must understand that insecurity in the country requires a proactive economic plan, accompanied by a multitude of opportunities to help engage its people in productive activities that can help them dream of a better future.

Prisons and electric chairs in countries like the United States have not stopped crimes associated with drugs and gun violence, so equipping Nigeria’s military and police forces with alien weapons will not end it. insurgency faster than creating the right environment that will help people dream.

Insecurity in Imo and its attendant dangers which were successfully stopped as a situation was inherited from Nigeria by Senator Hope Uzodinma, the problem of unknown gunmen is related to other negative social factors inherent in other parts Nigeria as well as other countries outside of Nigeria.

The best he can do for Imo and his people is to create a multitude of opportunities as he does, recently he empowered 15,000 Imo youth with a seed of 250,000 Naira each, after completing their entrepreneurial skills. This is a good step in the right direction, but it will not end the problem until the body of Nigeria’s political leadership accelerates the steps towards industrialization and creates not only opportunities, but an enabling environment. to help their people dream differently.

Insecurity in Nigeria is not a national problem as most people think but rather transnational, Nigeria must seek insurgents beyond its borders, as well as revise its economic plan to totally eliminate this visible and invisible enemy. .

Senator Hope Uzodinma, as Governor of Imo State, is innocent, as are all of us who have not chosen violence, guns and grenades as a means of conversing with our compatriots. Nigerians. Leadership sometimes comes with difficult and unpleasant decisions and the governor has not backed down, always choosing those that primarily serve the interests and safety of the people of Imo.

Before we begin to assign the blame and figure out who to blame for the uncertainties that have ravaged our communities in such a short period of time, we must remember that we are citizens in a global world that we do not control. Insecurity in Nigeria and Imo, are social problems that unemployment, poverty of opportunity and lack of basic amenities to improve an individual’s survival will remain its invisible sponsors.


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