UN launches initiative to support returnees trapped in camps in Syria |
It is to help dozens of Member States around the world, some of which have started repatriating their nationals, that the United Nations Global Support Framework for National Returnees from Third Countries in Syria and Iraq was launched on Wednesday. .
In a video message, the UN Secretary General recalled that many of these people “have now spent more than five years without basic services in increasingly difficult conditions”.
“They are regularly denied their human rights,” said António Guterres. “At the same time, victims and survivors of terrorist acts are denied justice and support, while perpetrators enjoy impunity.
The UN chief argued that until these human rights issues are addressed comprehensively, the international community “will continue to face long-term security risks.”
For him, “this situation cannot last” and the Global Framework “provides a solution to end it without delay”.
Mr. Guterres said the initiative provides technical and financial support to address urgent human rights and humanitarian aid needs, and responds to justice and security issues in a manner appropriate to the age and gender, while protecting children and victims.
A growing problem
An estimated 30,972 Iraqi women and 11,136 foreign women and children from around 60 other countries remain in camps in northeastern Syria.
Some had traveled to the conflict zone to join the fighting, others after the promise of a better life. Some were forced to go by family members or community leaders. Others may have committed crimes under duress or after being trafficked. Some were still children, others were born there.
About 77 percent of the children in the camps are under 12 and 33 percent of them are under five.
According to the UN, the humanitarian situation in camps and detention centers is not sustainable.
Living conditions are poor, with residents suffering from a lack of adequate shelter, food, sanitation, educational opportunities, health care, legal proceedings, as well as insecurity and security. the prevailing violence, all amplified by the COVID-19 pandemic.
To remedy these problems, some Member States have started to repatriate their nationals.
For the organization, their return is a national and international priority, both from a humanitarian and security point of view.
Objectives of the framework
The Global Framework has two objectives: to meet and assist the needs of children and adults in need of protection, and to support requesting Member States to promote safety and respond to accountability through prosecution, rehabilitation and reintegration processes.
All support is based on national legal frameworks and fully compliant with international law, including international human rights law, international humanitarian law and international refugee law.
The Framework is currently being implemented in Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Maldives, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.